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Pharaoh Breeds: Camosciata

Pharaoh Breeds: Camosciata


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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Breed with standard originating in the Veneto. It was selected by prof. A. Ghigi at the experimental poultry farming station of Rovigo, starting from a group of white pharaohs purchased in 1922 at the international poultry exhibition in Paris. It differs from the white guinea fowl by the pigmented body skin: that of the throat and neck appears blackish. Not very bred. Guinea fowl eggs have a very hard shell and are suitable both for fresh consumption and for the preparation of pasta. The female lays about 100-120 eggs per cycle (average weight 45 grams, reddish shell). The duration of the incubation is 26-28 days.
Sexual maturity is reached at eight to nine months in males and about seven to eight months in females.

Morphological characteristics

Yellowish white livery with clear evident pearles; tarsi from light gray to pale orange. The skin of the body is pigmented while that of the neck and throat is blackish.
And today among the pharaohs the one with the smallest size.
Medium weight:
- adult males 1,8 kg
- adult females 1,8-2 kg

Camosciata guinea fowl - Adult and guinea fowl a few hours old

External characteristics for the recognition of sex

Helmet: in the female it is more blunt while in the male it is wider at the base and more curved at the back.
Bargigli: in the male they are more developed, have a wavy and flecked surface and are more forward facing than those of the female. In the male they could be defined shortened forward, in the female flat and close to the face.
Face: the skin of the face in the male compared to that of the female is more elongated and descends more to the sides of the neck, closing in a pointed shape.
Bearing: in the female it is almost horizontal, while in the male it is more erect.
Weight: females are a little heavier than males.


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