Information

Game: Fallow deer - Dama dama

Game: Fallow deer - Dama dama


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Systematic


- Class: Mammals (4 breasts)
- Superorder: Ungulates (rests on nails)
- Order: Artiodactyls (grease with an even number of fingers)
- Suborder: Ruminants (polygastric digestive system)
- Family: Cervidae (small stages and only in males)
- Subfamily: Cervini
- Genre: Checkers
- Species: lady (Linnaeus, 1758)

Distinctive characters

Reproduction - October / November
Gestation - 230-240 days
Number of puppies - 1
First steps - within an hour
Weaning - 3-5 months
Sexual maturity - 12-14 months, social 3-4 years
Longevity - over 20 years
Of intermediate build between the deer and the roe the M. can weigh from 50 to 90 Kg for a height at the withers from 80 to 110 cm and a length from 135 to over 160 cm; the F. is smaller in size, the weight in fact varies from 30 to 50 Kg.
During the year, the fallow deer takes on two "mute" coats, an autumn / winter one of a typically gray-brownish color, which makes the white pomegranation much less visible; a spring from April, with replacement of the winter coat with a reddish-brown coat with a black dorsal median strip from the neck to the tail (more pronounced black surrounded by iridescent white) and white spots on the back and sides (pomellato).
The youthful dark brown coat pomellato along the sides (Bambi) is characteristic, which is also maintained in adults.
There is also a so-called "melanic variety" coat due to a genetic factor for which some animals at birth have a much darker, almost brownish-black coat, always however pomellato, so as to be called "black". Isabelline variants are also known, therefore with more evident pomellation on a lighter background, up to white with pigmented iris, therefore not albino.
Only the male carries the stage consisting of two poles, from which two, three or more points branch out and which have the characteristic of having their palmate terminal part, in relation to the development and age of the animal. The trophy falls and grows annually.
It is an allochthonous species in Italy, although it is an animal native to the Mediterranean area; it has been introduced since Roman times throughout Europe from the southern Mediterranean-north / east Africa, Asia minor. The fallow deer frequents both deciduous and coniferous forests, the Mediterranean scrub and uncultivated areas.
In Italy it is widespread throughout the territory from the Alpine chain to the Apennines. The food requirements configure the fallow deer as a typical intermediate opportunistic grazing animal or an animal that tends to be a little selector in the choice of food but capable of changing attitude both in function of food availability and in function of the metabolic needs related to the different annual periods: a high density of population determines in the area of ​​presence, considerable damage to vegetation.

Fallow deer male and female

Information

It is possible to contact the authors for management questions:
- Dr. Gianmaria Pisani [email protected]
- Dr. Chiara Serena Soffiantini [email protected]
It is also possible to have information for the purchase / sale of garments.


Video: Fallow Deer.Dama Dama Cheshire UK (May 2022).