Typical Italian products: Red Apple of Cuneo PGI

Typical Italian products: Red Apple of Cuneo PGI

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Production area

Publication in the Official Journal of the European Union, series C 140 of 16 May 2012.

The production area of ​​the "Cuneo Red Apple" includes the municipalities located partly in the province of Cuneo and partly in that of Turin, at an altitude of between 280 and 650 meters. The portion of the territory of the Piedmont Region concerned is identified with a plateau along the western Alpine chain made up of the Maritime Alps and Cozie and represents the main apple production area of ​​the Piedmont Region, where the cultivation of red-skinned apples has found its origin, its development and its localization, since the 50s and 60s.


The apples called "Mela Rossa Cuneo" PGI are produced using only the following apple varieties and their clones: Red Delicious, Gala, Fuji and Braeburn. These varieties are characterized by the red over-coloring of the peel, which affects the appearance of the product both as regards the extension of the over-color and for the particular brilliance of the coloring of the epicarp. These characteristics give the Cuneo Red Apple its own specific identity in local, regional, national and foreign markets.

Cuneo Red Apple PGI

Production specifications - Cuneo Red Apple PGI

Article 1
Product name
The protected geographical indication "Red Apple Cuneo" is reserved for apples that meet the conditions and requirements established in this production specification.

Article 2
Product description
Apples called "Mela Rossa Cuneo" PGI are produced using only varietal apple groups:
a) Red Delicious
b) Gala
c) Fuji
d) Braeburn

They must also have the following characteristics:
Red Delicious
Intense red wine epicarp, with extension ≥ 90% of the surface of the coat; free from oiliness and rustiness, confined within the pedicle cavity
Truncated-cone shape
Caliber diameter ≥ 75 mm, or weight ≥ 180 g
Sugar content ≥ 11 ° Brix
White or cream-white pulp, sometimes with green-green shades and veins; melting consistency
Hardness ≥ 5 kg / cm2
Bright intense red epicarp, with extension ≥ 80% of the surface of the coat; mainly striated, sometimes shaded distribution. Spheroidal to truncated-conical shape
Caliber diameter ≥ 70 mm, or weight ≥ 160 g
Sugar content ≥ 12 ° Brix
Creamy white, firm, crunchy and juicy pulp with a fine texture
Hardness ≥ 5 kg / cm2
Light to intense red epicarp, with extension ≥ 60% of the surface of the skin
Spheroidal to cylindrical shape
Caliber diameter ≥ 75 mm, or weight ≥ 180 g
Sugar content ≥ 12 ° Bbrix
Pulp white or creamy white; soda, with a crunchy and exaggerated texture
Hardness ≥ 6 kg / cm2
Epicarp from orange red to intense red, mainly striated, with extension ≥ 80% of the surface
Spheroidal shape with conical trunk
Caliber diameter ≥ 70 mm or weight ≥ 160 g
Sugar content ≥ 11.5 ° Brix
Pulp white or creamy white; consistent, with a fine, crunchy, exaggerated texture
Hardness ≥ 6 kg / cm2

At the time of release for consumption, the fruits must be whole, fresh and healthy in appearance, clean and free of foreign substances and odors, meeting the requirements established by the Extra and I commercial categories.
The minimum quality requirements required relating to the various varietal groups and categories are those established by Community legislation.

Article 3
Production area
The production area of ​​the "Cuneo Red Apple" includes the following municipalities located partly in the province of Cuneo and partly in that of Turin at an altitude of between 280 and 650 m above sea level.
The municipalities in the province of Cuneo are the following:
Bagnolo Piemonte, Barge, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Boves, Brondello, Busca, Caraglio, Castellar, Castelletto Stura, Centallo, Cervasca, Cervere, Costigliole Saluzzo, Cuneo, Dronero, Envie, Fossano, Lagnasco, Manta, Martiniana Po, Pagno, Piasco, Revello, Rossana, Sant'Albano Stura, Salmour, Saluzzo, Sanfront, Savigliano, Scarnafigi, Tarantasca, Valgrana, Venasca, Verzuolo, Villafalletto, Villar San Costanzo.
The municipalities in the province of Turin are as follows:
Bibiana, Bricherasio, Campiglione Fenile, Cavour, Garzigliana, Luserna S.Giovanni, Lusernetta, Osasco, S.Secondo di Pinerolo, Pinerolo.

Article 4
Proof of origin
Each phase of the production process must be monitored by documenting the outputs for each. In this way, through the registration in special lists, managed by the control body, of the cadastral parcels on which the cultivation takes place, of the producers and de-conditioners, as well as through the timely declaration to the control structure of the quantities produced, the traceability of the product is guaranteed. .
All natural or legal persons registered in the relevant lists are subject to control by the control body, in accordance with the provisions of the production specification and related control plan.

Article 5
Obtaining method
The distances and planting distances are those normally used in the "Cuneo Red Apple" cultivation area. The maximum planting density must not be higher than 4,000 plants / hectare, the training systems must maximize the permeability of the atom to the light radiation, which represents the determining factor in order to obtain the typical color of the fruit.
The particular brilliance of the epicarp is obtained through the indispensable pruning interventions, to the extent of a winter intervention and at least one summer pruning intervention. This second intervention is aimed at ensuring the optimal illumination of the fruit necessary to develop the typical coloring of the fruit.
Irrigation can be carried out both "by flow", and with localized distribution systems, which allow to measure the contributions to the actual water needs.
In order to obtain optimal quality and shelf life, the harvest is carried out when the correct degree of ripeness of each individual cultivar is reached. It must be carried out with an accurate detachment of the fruits.
The beginning of the harvesting period coincides with the moment when the fruit reaches the optimal red color.
The maximum unit production allowed for the "Cuneo Red Apple" is 60 t / ha.
The conservation of the "Cuneo Cuneo Red Apple" PGI takes place, according to traditional methods, through the refrigeration technique, ensuring values ​​of temperature, humidity and atmospheric composition such as to preserve its peculiar quality characteristics.
Apples called "Mela Rossa Cuneo" must be packed in packages or packages that allow clear identification of the product.
The marketing of the Cuneo Cuneo Red Apple PGI must be carried out exclusively in the period indicated below.
Gala from early August to late May
Red Delicious from early September to late June
Braeburn from late September to late July
Fuji from early October to late July

Article 6.
Link with the territory
The aesthetic and gustatory peculiarity of the "Cuneo Red Apple" is the result of the favorable interaction between the production environment described in art. 3 and the varietal groups described in art.2.
The following three physical-climatic phenomena contribute to the quality of the red color, which is verified by the orographic unicum consisting of the balcony of the narrow plateau belt suspended between the western Alps and the Po valley.
The extent of the circadian thermal excursions in the period prior to the harvest.
The contiguity on one side of the Alpine chain, on the other the Po Valley - starting from late summer and throughout the autumn, in correspondence with the pre-harvest evolution of the ripening of the varieties that make up the "Cuneo Red Apple" - determines thermal excursions between day and night, with average values ​​in the period equal to 13.8 ° C. These values ​​represent an unusual amplitude, compared to those generally recorded for most European pomegranate regions, both mountain and lowland, where the temperature changes are mainly attributable to the rapid passage of meteorological disturbances.
The wetting of the peel, caused by the drops of dew that forms in the most cold hours of the night, gives rise to a wetting / drying cycle. In the lowland area below the plateau where "Red Apple Cuneo" is expected to be cultivated in past decades, it is common to sprinkle the crown of apple trees with chilled water on nights when the temperature does not drop compared to the daytime values. An attempt was thus made to imitate the effect of thermal excursion and wetting of the fruit, which occurs naturally on the plateau above.
The alternating sense of "mountain breezes" in the morning / evening accentuate and accelerate the cyclic temperatures of temperature and humidity.
The physical phenomena described above interact with the light radiation on the formation and evolution of the anthocyanins, the antioxidant pigments responsible for the color of the apple epicarpodelle. Thermal excursions are closely related to the formation of color pigments. The extent of the color perceptible by the human eye depends on the percentage of cells with the color pigments, not already on a greater or lesser dilution of the anthocyanins in the cells. The wetting / drying cycle, determining the quality of the light radiation, interacts in the evolutionary process of the anthocyanins, starting from the precursor compounds up to the degenerative phenomena.
From a pedological point of view, the territory of the "Cuneo Red Apple" is widely suited to fruit growing, and in particular apple trees. According to the "Soil Map of the Western Piedmontese Territories of Fruit", alluvial soils, more or less recent, with evolved stratigraphy, meet with hilly or more rarely clayey accumulation horizons, united by the presence of a relatively superficial gravelly substratum.
Environmental, pedo-climatic, socio-economic and landscape factors, in synergy with the work of man who, thanks to his skills and experience, to the local production tradition (including including the maintenance of traditional cultivation techniques in respect and protection of the valleys and the Cuneo mountains), contribute to giving the "Cuneo Red Apple" unique characteristics.
The productive vocation of red-skinned apples of our territory is well described in the document prepared by the University of Gastronomic Sciences of Pollenzo (CN). The eighteenth-century Enlightenment thought gave birth, in Piedmont, to Academies and Agricultural Associations to which an intense varietal research, diffusion of new cultivars and development of cultivation techniques based on scientific bases were born. This created the conditions for the diffusion of red-skinned apple varieties particularly appreciated for their ability to express a particular intensity and brilliance of color in the Cuneo environment.
The development of modern Cuneo apple cultivation can be traced back to the 50s and 60s of the 20th century and slowly, in the varietal panorama, red-skinned apples began to expand until they became, today, the prevailing group. In the 1960s and 1970s the wording "MelaRossa Cuneo" was institutionalized and began to appear in the accounting documents and travel documents of the product intended for the internal market; in those years the first promotional campaign that speaks of "Cuneo Red Apple"; in the 1980s he accompanied product shipments abroad on the invoice. In the same years, the Cuneo Red Apple became the subject of pomological exhibitions intended for an audience of professional fruit growers but also consumers, and gradually consolidated, in the first decade of the 21st century, its commercial identification in commercial enhancement projects in the retail outlets of the large-scale retail outlets in the north-west of Italy.

Article 7
The controls on the conformity of the product to the specification are carried out by the Istituto Nord OvestQualità Soc.Coop - INOQ, with registered office in Moretta (CN), Piazza Carlo Alberto Grosso, 72, VAT, 02668340041 - Tel. 0172 911323, Fax 0172 911320 , e-mail [email protected]

Article 8.
Labeling and Packaging
Cuneo Red Apple is released for consumption using the packaging allowed by current legislation.
The identification of the PGI Product must take place on the packaging and / or on the individual fruits on which the word "Cuneo Red Apple" PGI must appear clearly and perfectly legible and with a prevalent size over any other wording present.
In the case of identification by stamp, the stamping must concern at least 70% of the fruits. The community symbol of the PGI must also be indicated on the packaging.
The use of indications and / or graphic symbols that refer to names or company names or collective brands or individual company brands is allowed in combination with the wording "Mela Rossa Cuneo" PGI, provided they have no laudatory meaning or are such as to deceive the buyer.
In the designation, however, the addition of any indication of origin not expressly provided for in this specification or complementary indications that could mislead the consumer is prohibited.

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