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Breeds of chickens: Dwarf curl

Breeds of chickens: Dwarf curl


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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Breed known for a long time, but with unknown origins; probably of Asian origin. Egg shell color: light brown.

Morphological characteristics

A distinctive feature is the curious curled plumage that follows a trend contrary to normal.
The gene responsible for the curl of the plumage is also present in some breeds and varieties such as: Chabo (Japanese, Nagasaki), Cocin (Beijing) dwarf, Padovana (dwarf and large), Dutch tuft (dwarf and large), Lionese and Arricciata tuft of Annaberg ( Germany).

Medium weight:
- Gauls 1.2 kg
- Hens 1.0 kg

Dwarf curl (photo www.samasa.it)

Breed standard - FIAV

I - GENERALITIES

Origin
Breed known for a long time, but with unknown origins; probably of Asian origin.

Egg
Minimum weight g. 38
Shell color: light brown.

Ring
Rooster: 15
Hen: 13

II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Type of common chicken, with a raised and well compact habit. Well structured and well rounded shape. Due to the curled plumage of the legs, the habit may appear visibly lower. The feathers, the widest ones, must be in the cape, in the chest, on the back and on the coverts of the wings and be well curved towards the head, so that the lower part of the feathers becomes visible, but does not however form a complete curl. The remiges, the helmsmen and the large sickles are only slightly wavy.

III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed

1- FORM
Trunk: compact, wide on the front, it narrows towards the rear; slightly inclined towards the back.
Head: wide and well rounded.
Beak: powerful, curved. The color corresponds to that of the tarsi.
Big eyes; color according to the variety.
Crest: medium sized; straight; 4/6 teeth; lobe follows the line of the nape without leaning on it.
Bargigli: slightly medium in size, well rounded and without folds.
Face: fine texture, not feathered; red.
Mumps: medium size, oval, smooth and red.
Neck: of medium length; well curved; fully feathered and forming a curled round collar (ruff). In the hen the cape appears less rich due to the shorter plumage.
Shoulders: wide and slightly rounded.
Back: medium length; appears shorter due to the structure of the plumage, slightly inclined. Croup fully fledged and filling the transition to the tail well.
Wings: long; dropping courses, but not lower than the tarsal junction; remiges with reduced internal beards must not be penalized.
Tail: medium length; detected and slightly fan-shaped; full plumage; sickle and slightly wavy helmsman.
Chest: wide, full, high and prominent.
Legs: short, strong and well rounded legs; they just come out of the curled plumage. Medium length tarsi; not feathered; color according to the variety. Medium-length fingers; not feathered.
Belly: wide and full.

2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 1,2
HEN: Kg. 1,0

Serious faults: habit too low; wings carried too low; too large ridge or folded ridge; narrow feathers; insufficient curl; absence of beards in tail feathers and in remiges; silky plumage; white in the mumps; folds in wattles; plucking principle in the tarsi.

3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: long and with a lot of down; each feather facing forward; the more the curl of the plumage is developed and regular, the more the subject has value; as the lower side of the feathers is visible, the plumage often appears less shiny and rich in reflections.

IV - COLORS

BLACK
GALLO and GALLINA
Intense black, as rich as possible with green reflections in the rooster's cape and rump.
Dark horn beak.
Slate gray tarsi up to black. Brownish to dark brown iris.
Serious Defects: opaque plumage; violet reflections, feathers of another color; floury tracks.

WHITE
GALLO and GALLINA
Pure white, light yellowish reflections allowed in the rooster's cape and rump.
Yellow tarsi and beak. Orange red to red iris.
Serious defects: strong yellow reflections; presence of feathers of other color.

BLUE
GALLO and GALLINA
Medium-gray and uniform gray-blue. Head, cape, rump with small coverts of the wings of the darker rooster, as well as the cape of the hen.
Tarsi and slate gray to black beak.
Reddish to dark brown iris.
Serious faults: rust; floury tracks; heavily marbled plumage of the coat.

tawny
GALLO and GALLINA
Head, cape, small wing coverts, back and croup of the rooster, as well as the head and cape of the hen of an intense and bright golden fawn. Remnant of uniform fawn plumage.
Yellow tarsiers. Red-orange to red iris.
Serious defects: color strongly dilate or marbled; presence of remiges or helmsman with excessive presence of black or white.

RED
GALLO and GALLINA
Intense uniform red. Red or red remiges with longitudinal sections along the black spine. Black allowed in the tail. Duvet as intense as possible. Red-horned rachis.
Yellow tarsi, brown scales or red side bars allowed.
Red-orange to red iris.
Serious defects: color too opaque, too light or too dark; gray down jacket; floury tracks.


Video: Chicken Breed Analysis: The Cochin (May 2022).