Wildlife in Italy: Tottavilla Lullula arborea Linnaeus, 1758

Wildlife in Italy: Tottavilla Lullula arborea Linnaeus, 1758

Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Passeriformi
Family: Alaudidae
Kind: Lullula
Species: L. arborea Linnaeus, 1758

It lives in almost all Eurasia, and Africa, nests throughout Italy, in very varied hilly and mountain habitats.
He loves semi-open sandy places: moors, sparse groves or forest edges; also frequent the fields to feed.

The following subspecies have been described:
- L. arborea arborea (Linnaeus, 1758)
- L. a. pale (Zarudny, 1902)

Tottavilla - Lullula arborea (photo

Tottavilla - Lullula arborea
(By Andrej Chudy (Flickr) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons)

Tottavilla - Lullula arborea

Distinctive characters

Length: 15cm
Wingspan: 27-30 cm

It has a thin beak, brown cheeks tending towards reddish, the eyebrow marks that join the nape of the neck. The supra-wing mark is white. The tail is short.


It feeds on insects caught on the ground.
It nests on the ground. The nest is well camouflaged between the tufts of grass. It has a very long nesting period, from March, until August. The brood consists of 3 to 6 whitish brown speckled eggs. Makes 1 to 2 broods per year. The chicks leave the nest before they know how to fly.

Video: Tottavilla - Woodlark - Lullula arborea (January 2022).